- Coronavirus disease 2019 (SARS-CoV2) is an active global health threat for which treatments are desperately being sought. Even though most people infected experience mild to moderate respiratory symptoms and recover with supportive care, certain vulnerable hosts develop severe clinical deterioration. While several drugs are currently being investigated in clinical trials, there are currently no approved treatments or vaccines for COVID-19 and hence there is an unmet need to explore additional therapeutic options.
- The serious consequences of the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have prompted a rapid global response to develop effective therapies that can lessen disease severity in infected patients. Cell-based approaches, primarily using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), have demonstrated a strong safety profile and possible efficacy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but whether these therapies are effective for treating respiratory virus-induced ARDS is unknown.
- We provide an overview of the regulatory framework, pathways and underlying regulatory authority for cell, gene and tissue-engineered therapies in Canada. Canada's regulatory approach uses three sets of regulations, namely, the Cells, Tissues and Organs Regulations, the Food and Drug Regulations and the Medical Devices Regulations. We provide an overview of each these sets of regulations as they apply to clinical investigation to post-market product lifecycle stages. Information is provided on the current sources of relevant Health Canada guidance documents.
- Cellular & Gene Therapies (CGTs) are complex products, which have been key foci of the International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy (ISCT). For this ISCT North American Legal & Regulatory Affairs Committee review publication, CGTs include but are not limited to somatic cell-based therapies, pluripotent cell-derived cell-based therapies, gene- or non-gene-modified or gene edited versions of these cell-based therapies, in vivo gene therapies, organ/tissue engineered products, and relevant combination products.